One of the major players in the fortification works of Belle-Ile was Sébastien le Prestre, Lord of Vauban.
Born in May 1633 near Avallon, Vauban is one of the most famous french military engineers. He received his engineer diploma in 1655. From 1653 to 1659, Vauban participated to 14 sièges and was injured several times. From 1679 to 1688, Vauban travelled in France, dedicating himself to develop the coastal fortifications.
Vauban contributed very much to the art of fortifications. Globally, from 1667 to 1707, he repaired about 300 ancient fortified places and built 37 new strongholds.
Indefatigable worker, archetype of the "honourable man" of the 17th Century, he published during his life many treatises on science, economy, agriculture and strategy.
As a whole, in his life, Vauban will have travelled about 180 000 km, which is a remarkable performance when considering the roads and means of transportation at that time. He is also an outstanding witness of his epoch.
on March 30th, 1707 in his house in Paris, near the Tuileries garden.